Cloxacillin is a beta-lactam antibiotic that belongs to the penicillin class. It works by inhibiting the synthesis of the bacterial cell wall. Specifically, it targets and binds to the penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) in the bacterial cell wall, disrupting the cross-linking of peptidoglycan chains. This weakens the bacterial cell wall structure, leading to cell lysis and death.
Indications: Cloxacillin is used to treat bacterial infections caused by susceptible organisms. Common indications include skin and soft tissue infections, respiratory tract infections, bone and joint infections, and certain cases of endocarditis prophylaxis.
Dosage and Administration: The dosage of Myreclox (Cloxacillin) can vary depending on the specific infection being treated, the patient's age, weight, and overall health. It is typically administered orally, but intravenous (IV) formulations may also be available for more severe infections.
- Cloxacillin should be used with caution in individuals with a history of penicillin or cephalosporin allergy.
- It is important to complete the full course of antibiotics as prescribed by the healthcare provider.
- Cloxacillin may interact with other medications, so it's important to inform the healthcare provider about all current medications, including over-the-counter drugs and supplements.